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Book by David Michalets

Review of Cosmos Without Gravitation

from Today's Context

Immanuel Velikovsky (IV) published Cosmos Without Gravitation (CwG) in 1946.
For this review, it is helpful to know his Worlds in Collision (WiC) followed in 1950, and
Earth in Upheaval (EiU) in 1955.

The 3-letter abbreviations for his 3 works are used for brevity. He wrote other books, which are not relevant to CwG.

Some conclusions in CwG remain valid.  Others are affected by some advances in our knowledge over the 70+ years, since 1946.

Given the title of CwG. the respective cases are described to determine whether the particular behavior can be explained truly without gravity.

I used an on-line, archived copy of CwG at:

Cosmos Without Gravitation

This review is a set of web pages where my remarks are inserted after the original text, after each section in CwG.
 I believe the entire original content is presented, though distributed through the consecutive sections.

An (original) line precedes original content from the source, whose link is above.

A (remark) line precedes my remark from my review of the preceding original content.

My remarks apply to only one section, at a time.

I added a new, final section, after the review of the original and their remarks

In the table of CONTENTS, click on the link to a section number, I to V, to view that section of the original..

I added a title for section V because the original document assigned nothing to the REFERENCES section at the end of CwG.  It was simply text  at the end.

This new title for section V not a change to the original, but improves this presentation using a single web page for each section.

I also added my conclusion as a new section at the end of this review's table of contents.

At the end of each section, there is a link to this table of contents, to select the next section to view.









I. Phenomena Not in Accord with the Theory of Gravitation

II. Attraction Between Two Atoms. - Inertia. - Attraction of Bodies Toward the Earth. -

The Time of Descent and of Ascent of a Pendulum. - The Effect of Charge on the Weight of a Body

III. Attraction, Repulsion, and Electromagnetic Circumduction in the Solar System

IV. The Anomaly of Mercury and Other Phenomena Explained


(my 2 changes to the table of contents  are titling V and adding MC)


MC. My Conclusion

The original source has text after section IV, but before REFERENCES.

This untitled content could have been an epilogue

Rather than defining it as a new section, this content is presented here, separately, after the table of contents.


The theory of the Cosmos without Gravitation given here in synopsis is written also in a comprehensive form (1941-43). I arrived at this concept early in 1941 as a result of my research in the history of cosmic upheavals as they affected the earth and other members of the solar system.  A number of facts proved to me that the sun, the earth and other planets, the satellites, and the comets, are charged bodies, that the planets and their satellites have changed their orbits repeatedly and radically, and that gravitational attraction or the weight of objects has changed during human history. I thus recognized the fact that not gravitation, but electric attraction and repulsion and electromagnetic circumduction govern the solar system.

In construction the electromagnetic theory of the solar system, I am indebted to Miss Shulamith Velikovsky for valuable suggestions on the dipole explanation of attraction between the atoms and the dipole concept of inertia.


It is impossible to know whether the citation of Einstein reveals an influence of Einstein's wrong understanding of Newton's force of gravity.

Go to Table of Contents, to read a specific section.

last change 04/22/2022