Cosmology Views

Practical Particle Physics References in the book dated December 26, 2020

The paperback has several references to Internet pages.

It is impractical to provide the complete URL for each reference in a paperback.

A web page enables a clickable link to a reference.

Here are the page numbers and each reference.

Sometimes, a single page can have more than one reference.

The section page numbers from the Table of Contents provide that context within the book.

Each line begins with a link showing the page number and its target, which is either

a typical web page (URL) in html format, or

a pdf file, or
a YouTube (YT) video URL.

Some browsers do not open a pdf seamlessly,

Page numbers are in the paper back edition.

The Table of Contents begins, where each line is a link,  to enable jumping to the start of its references.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . .   4

5-url - Observing Our Universe

9-url - Cosmology Transition

10-url - Cosmology Connections

11-url - Redefining Gravity

2 Fundamental Particles . . . . . . . .  11

12-url - elementary particle

13-url - Electron

14-url - Quark

15-url  -Proton

18-url - Neutron

19-url - Neutrino

20-url - Muon

3 History of Atomic Model . . . . . . . .  21

21-url - AzCemistry article:

28-url - Mass spectrometry

29-url - Mass-to-Charge Ratio

31-url- Matter

32-url - standard model

33-url - Edwin Kaal: The Proton-Electron Atom — A Proposal for a Structured Atomic Model | EU2017

33-url - Structured Atomic Model web site

4 Planck's Equation . . . . . . . .  36

36-YT - Planck's Constant and the Nature of Light

36-url - Planck's Constant and the Nature of Light

5 Photoelectric Effect . . . . . 39

39-url -  Photoelectric Effect

6 Particle Pair Production . . . . . . . . . 42

42-url - particle pair production

7 Changes to Atomic Model . . . . . . . . .  46

47-url - Aufbrau principle

49-url - dalton

51-url - proton-to-electron mass ratio

51-url - electron

51-url - proton

56-url - Atomic Mass Unit Definition (AMU)

63-url - Proton

74-url - free neutron beta decay

76-url - beta decay

77-url - neutrino

81-url - Atomic Nucleus

81-pdf - Charge, neutron, and weak size of the atomic nucleus

82-url
- Charge Radius

82-url - sphere packing


85-url - Strong Force

85-url - Nuclear Force


8 Einstein and Maxwell. . . . . . . .  86

87-YT - Why is the speed of light what it is? Maxwell equations visualized

87-url - Maxwell's Equations

89-url - superluminal motion

91-url - relativistic mass

9 Gravity . . . . . . . . .  92

93-url - Newton’s Laws of motion

94-url - Law of universal gravitation

97-url - How do gravitational slingshots work?

10 Mechanism for Force of Gravity .  99

100-url - Isaac Newton

104-url - Coulomb's law

105-url - Cavendish Experiment

108-url - electric field

11 Light . . . . . . . . .  121

123-url - Electromagnetic radiation

124-url - Fraunhofer Lines

125-url - Calcium

126-url - Lyman-alpha

127-url - Doppler Effect

127-url - Synchrotron Radiation

137-url - Thermal Radiation

138-url - solar spectrum

12 Atomic Equilibrium .  . .  . . . . . . .  137

137-url - Energy Level

142-url - Electron capture

144-url - Alpha decay

143-url - Beta decay


144-url - Gamma ray

144-url - Radium

147-url - alpha particle

148-url - Positron emission

147-url - beta minus decay

148-url - Electron Neutrino

149-url - Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment

152-url - Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

155-url - Tau Neutrino

156-url - Compton Scattering

159-url - Annihilation

13 Mass Defect Introduction  . . . 161

149- url - Mass defect

150- url - Nuclear binding energy


14 Isotope Data File  . . . 165

ZIsotopes.zip

If possible, you should right-click on this link and save as
to save the zip to your computer cable of unzipping the files an of handling an  .xls file format.

The zip has an .xls file and 2 .txt files for help when using the .xls

The author recommends reading the short text files before opening the large spreadsheet file.

165-zip - ZIsotopes.zip

Links to isotopes by atomic number

01 H

02 He

03 Li

04 Be

05 B

06 C

07 N

08 O

09 F

10 Ne

11 Na

12 Mg

13 Al

14 Si

15 P

16 S

17 Cl

18 Ar

19 K

20 Ca

21 Sc

22 Ti

23 V

24 Cr

25 Mn

26 Fe

27 Co

28 Ni

29 Cu

30 Zn

31 Ga

32 Ge

33 As

34 Se

35 Br

36 Kr

37 Rb

38 Sr

39 Y

40 Zr

41 Nb

42 Mo

43 Tc

44 Ru

45 Rh

46 Pd

47 Ag

48 Cd

49 In

50 Sn

51 Sb

52 Te

53 l

54 Xe

55 Cs

56 Ba

57 La

58 Ce

59 Pr

60 Nd

61 Pm

62 Sm

63 Eu

64 Gd

65 Tb

66 Dy

67 Ho

68 Er

69 Tm

70 Yb

71 Lu

72 Hf

73 Ta

74 W

75 Re

76 Os

77 Ir

78 Pt

79 Au

80 Hg

81 Tl

82 Pb

83 Bi

84 Po

85 At

86 Rn

87 Fr

88 Ra

89 Ac

90 Th

91 Pa

92 U

93 Np

94 Pu

95 Am

96 Cm

97 Bk

98 Cf

99 Es

100 Fm

101 Md

102 No

103 Lr

104 Rf

105 Db

106 Sg

107 Bh

108 Hs

109 Mt

110 Ds

111 Rg

112 Cn

113 Nh

114 Fl

115 Mc

116 Lv

117  Ts

118 Og

last change 12/26/2020