Cosmology Views

Redefining Gravity References in the book dated October 13, 2020

The paperback has several references to Internet pages.

It is impractical to provide the complete URL for each reference in a paperback.

A web page enables a clickable link to a reference.

Here are the page numbers and each reference.

Sometimes, a single page can have more than one reference.

The section page numbers from the Table of Contents provide that context within the book.

Each line begins with a link showing the page number and its target, which is either

a typical web page (URL) in html format, or

a pdf file, or
a YouTube (YT) video URL.

Some browsers do not open a pdf seamlessly,

Page numbers are in the paper back edition.

The Table of Contents begins, where each line is a link,  to enable jumping to the start of its references.

Table of Contents


Introduction . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . .  4


1 Basics of Light and Matter . . . . . . . 7

2 Mass Defect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

3 New Atomic Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

4 Mechanism for the Force . . . . . . . . 174

5 Newton’s Gravity Cases . . . . . . . .  196

6 Kepler’s Laws . .  .  . . . . . . . . . . . .  218

7 Basics of Relativity . . . . . . . . . . . .  236

8 Space-time. . . . .  .  . . . . . . . . . . . . 242

9 Gravitational Wave. . . . .  .  . . . . . . 254

10 Gravitational Lensing. . . . . . .  .  .  259

11 Black Hole . . . . .  .  . . . . . . . . . . .  261

12 Neutron Star . . . . .  .  . . . . . . . . .  267

13 Gravitational Precession .  .  . . . .  269

14 Dark Matter . . . . .  .  . . . . . . . . . .  271

15 Final Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . .  293

16 References . . . . . . . .  . . . .. .  298


<end of TOC; begin links to references. >

Each link begins with a page number in the book.


1 Basics of Light and Matter .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7


8-url - Matter

-9-url - standard model

9-url - Edwin Kaal: The Proton-Electron Atom — A Proposal for a Structured Atomic Model | EU2017

12-url - Structured Atomic Model web site

14-url - dalton

15-url - electron

15-url - proton

15-url - neutrino

16-url - proton-to-electron mass ratio

16-url - carbon

22-url - Atomic Mass Unit Definition (AMU)

23-url - deuterium

24-url - carbon

28-url - neutrino

32- url - Neutron

47-url - antiproton

48-url - positron emission

48-url - particle pair production

50-YT - Planck's Constant and the Nature of Light

53-url - muon

54-url - Electron–positron annihilation

56-url - virtual photon

58-url - Mysterious 'fast radio burst' detected closer to Earth than ever before

60-pdf - Forty Lines of Evidence for Condensed Matter -  The Sun on Trial: Liquid Metallic Hydrogen as a Solar Building Block"

61-YT - Sky Scholar channel

61-YT - The Sun is NOT a Gaseous Plasma! The LMH Solar Model!

61-url - Bravais lattices

64-url - Safire Project

68-url - Radioactive decay

70-YT - Why is the speed of light what it is? Maxwell equations visualized

70-url -  Maxwell's equations:

72-url - Superluminal motion

74-url - relativistic mass

57-YT - Why is the speed of light what it is? Maxwell equations visualized

57-url - Maxwell's equations

59-url - 3C 273

60-url - relativistic mass

2 Mass Defect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

78-url - Mass Defect

79-url - Nuclear binding energy

88-pdf - ZMass_Defect-DataN.pdf

90-url - hydrogen

97-url - helium

106-url - lithium

109-url - Beryllium

110-url - Boron

112-url - carbon

114-url - nitrogen

115-url - Oxygen

116-url - Fluorine

117-url - Neon

119-url - magnesium

121-url - Chlorine

123-url - Argon

125-url - Nickel

127-url - copper

130-url - zinc

132-url - krypton

134-url - Rubidium

136-url - strontium

137-url - Technetium

140-url - Ruthenium

142-url - Praseodymium

143-url - Neodymium

145-url - Promethium

146-url - Samarium

147-url - holmium

148-url - Thorium

149-url - Protactinium

150-url - Uranium

157-url - dalton


3 New Atomic Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

158-url - Proton-to-electron mass ratio

158-url - etherealmatters.org

161-url - hydrogen isotopes

164-url - helium isotopes

162-url - excess energy

167-url - alpha particle


4 Mechanism for the force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174

174-url - Isaac Newton quote

174-url - mass

175-url - james clerk maxwell

175-url - maxwell's equations

178-url - Cavendish experiment

181-url - electric field


5 Newton’s Gravity Cases . . . . .  196

196-url -  Newton's laws of motion

197-url - Newton's law of universal gravitation

200-url - free fall

201-url - gravitational acceleration

203-url - How do gravitational slingshots work?

206-url - Orbital Resonance

211-url - Earth's rotation

211-url - Venus; Its Curious Orbital Relationship to Earth


213-url - Lagrange point

215-url - tide

216-url - earth tide

6 Kepler’s Laws . .  .  . . . . . . . . . . . .   218

218-url - Kepler’s Laws

221-url - Mercury

221-url - Venus
225-url - moons of Jupiter

226-url - moons of mars

226-url - Brittanica list of Saturn's moons

227-url - Wikipedia list of Saturn's moons
227-url - moons of uranus
227-url -  moons of neptune

227-url - moons of pluto

228-pdf - ZSolarSystem Data-N3.pdf

229-url - lists of exoplanets

229-pdf - ZExoplanet-Data-N3.pdf


232-url - Tidal Locking

235-url - Heavy Bombardment Period

7 Basics of Relativity  . . . . . . . 236

236-url - background independent

237-url - gravitational singularity

239-url - Gravitational Collapse


8 Space-time. . . . .  .  . . . . .    242

242-url - John Archibald Wheeler quotes

242-url - John Archibald Wheeler

243-url - Postulates of special relativity

246-url - spacetime

249-url- NASA image is now missing. this is an alternate source

9 Gravitational Wave. . . . .  .  . . . . .    254

254-url - LIGO

258-pdf - ligo-events4table.pdf

10 Gravitational Lensing. . . . . . .  .  . . . . .    259

259-YT - “Can Stars BEND LIGHT? General Relativity and Gravity with Dr. Edward Dowdye!”

11 Black Hole . . . . .  .  . . . . . . . . . . . .  261

261-YT - Thornhill: Black Hole or Plasmoid? | Space News

261-url - plasmoid

262-url - Black Hole

264-url - Astronomers saw a star dancing around a black hole. And it proves Einstein's theory was right

265-url - S2

12 Neutron Star . . . . .  .  . . . . . . . . . . . .  267

267-url - Neutron star

267-YT - The Invention of the Neutron Star | Space News

13 Gravitational Precession .  .  . . . . .    269

269-url - Precession

270-pdf - Explanation of the Perihelion Motion of Mercury in Terms of a Velocity-Dependent Correction to Newton’s Law of Gravitation


14 Dark Matter . . . . .  .  . . . . . . . . . . . . 271

272-url - Fritz Zwicky

273-url - dark matter

274-pdf - Birkelund Currents and Dark Matter

275-pdf - M31's Odd Rotation Curve

277-url - Twisted magnetic field in galaxy IC 342

278-url IC 342 original NOAO link and second link are missing

278-url - IC 342

280-url - Hoag's Object

281-url - Cartwheel Galaxy

281-url - AM 0644-741 or Lindsay-Shapley Ring

282-url - RXJ1131-1231

282-url - SDSS J0146-0929

282-url - Abell 2261
282-url - Abell 383

282-url - Abell S1063

282-url - Abell 1413

282-url - Abell 2218

282-url - Abell 1689

282-url - Abell 2261

282-url - Abell 2390

282-url - Abell 2667

282-url - Abell 370

283-url - SDSS J1004+4112 

283-url - SDP.81

283-url - LRG 3-757

283-url - RCS2 032727-132623

284-url - Abell 2261

284-url -  J1531+3414

284- url - CL0024+17

284-url - CL0024+17  from HST

285-url - SDSS J103842.59+484917.7

287-url - Laniakeia

15 Final Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . .  271

last change 10/29/2020