Cosmology View

My views on Cosmology and Physics


Gravitational Lens Illusions References

 in the edition dated December 6, 2021

The book has several references to Internet pages.

It is impractical to provide the complete URL for each reference in a book.

A web page enables a clickable link to a reference.

Here are the page numbers and each reference on that page.

Sometimes, a single page can have more than one reference.

Each line begins with a link showing the page number and its target, which is either

a typical web page (URL) in html format, or

a pdf file, or
a YouTube (YT) video URL.

Page numbers are in the paperback edition.

10-YT - Why is the speed of light what it is? Maxwell equations visualized

10-url -  Maxwell's equations:

13-url - Superluminal motion

13-url - 3C 273

16-url - Prism

18-url- Plasma and Plasma Physics

18-url - Birkeland current

19-url - Double Layer

19-url - Plasma Pinch

21-url - Plasmoid

22-url - Magnetohydrodynamics

22-url - Electromagnetic induction

23-url - Electric discharge in gases

23-url -  Townsend discharge

25-url - Marklund Convection

26-url - Ion debris around M31
internal post

30-url -  Magnetosphere of Jupiter

33-url - Gravitational Lens

33-url - only its image

34-url - Isaac Newton

38-url - Light bending by curvature

43-url - Eddington experiment

44-url - Refraction

45-url - Johann Georg von Soldner

47-YT - Stars BEND LIGHT? General Relativity and Gravity with Dr. Edward Dowdye!

47-url - Why are the Einstein Rings not seen in the star-filled skies?

52-url - Hoag's Object's_Object

52-url - only its image

53-url - Cartwheel galaxy

53-url - only its image

53-url- NASA - Cartwheel Galaxy Makes Waves in New NASA Image

53-url - More Images of Cartwheel Galaxy

54-url - RX J1131-1231

54-url - only its image

52-YT - Thornhill: Black Hole or Plasmoid?

57-url - AM 0644-741

57-url - only its image

59-url - Gravity lens reveals dwarf dark galaxy

59-url - only its image

55-YT - Wal Thornhill: Black Hole or Plasmoid?

61-url - Abell 370

61-url - only its image

62-url - Abell 383

62-url - only its image

63-url- Abell 1413

63-url - only its image

64-url - Abell 1689

64-url - only its image

66-url - Abell 1835

66-url - only its image

67-url - Abell 2218

67-url - only its image

69-url - Abell 2667

69-url - only its image

71-url - Abell S1063

71-url - only its image

72-url - Cheshire Cat cluster

72-url - More Images of Cheshire Cat

67-url - only its image

76-url - RCS2 032727-132623 news release

76-url - RCS2 032727-132623 again

76-url - RCS2 032727-132623 third

76-url - scale also on image

78-url - Hubble Telescope Discovers a Light-Bending 'Einstein Ring' in Space

78-url -  Hubble Finds an Einstein Ring

78-url - only its image

78-url- only its image SDSS J0146-0929

81-url - NASA's Hubble Spots Embryonic Galaxy SPT0615-JD

NASA's Hubble Spots Embryonic Galaxy SPT0615-JD

81-url - only its image

84-url - CLASS

84-url -  Searching for lenses

87-url - microlensing

88-url - Important Fundamentals of Mathematical Physics Have Been Found to be Misapplied to Concepts of Gravitational Lensing

88-url - my books

My books

91-url - Abell 2744

91-url - only its image

91-url - another image

93-url - Galaxy Cluster Abell 2744 from Hubble

93-url - only the image

94-url - Frontier Fields

96-url - CLASS B1152+199 and B1359+154: Two New Gravitational Lens Systems Discovered in the Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey

98-url - 1608+656: A Quadruple-Lens System Found in the CLASS Gravitational Lens Survey

100-url - black hole

101-url - NASA image from 2019 was purged, now missing

106-url - event horizon

106-url - Stephen Crothers

108-url - My set of books as either a paperback or pdf

My books

last change 12/08/2021